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## Class Matrices.Simplex

• Enclosing class:
Matrices

public static final class Matrices.Simplex
extends Matrices.ConvexHyperpolyhedron

Simplex: the simplest n-dimensional hyperpolyhedron with n+1 vertices. In 1-dimensional case it is a segment, in 2-dimensional case it is a triangle, in 3-dimensional case it is a tetrahedron.

Simplex is a particular case of the convex hyperpolyhedron.

Simplex is specified by its vertices and can be created by the following methods:

Note: degenerated simplexes, when all vertices lie in the same (n−1)-dimensional hyperplane, are not allowed. (In 1-dimensional it means that 2 vertices are identical, in 2-dimensional — that 3 vertices lie in the same straight line, in 2-dimensional — that 4 vertices lie in the same plane.) Such simplexes cannot be constructed by the methods above: DegeneratedSimplexException is thrown in these cases.

All calculations while building and processing simplex are performed in strictfp mode, so the results are absolutely identical on all platforms.

This class is immutable and thread-safe: there are no ways to modify settings of the created instance.

• ### Method Detail

• #### isSimplexDegenerated

public static boolean isSimplexDegenerated(double[][] vertices)
Returns true if and only if the specified vertices lies in the same (n−1)-dimensional hyperplane, as far as it can be detected by analysing the coordinates via calculations with standard Java double numbers. Here n=vertices[k].length; this length must be same for all k, and vertices.length must be equal to n+1.

Matrices.Region.getSimplex(double[][] vertices) method throws DegeneratedSimplexException if and only if this method returns true for the same argument.

Parameters:
vertices - coordinates of all vertices.
Returns:
whether the simplex with the specified vertices is degenerated and cannot be described by this class.
Throws:
java.lang.NullPointerException - if the vertices array or some of its elements is null.
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if the vertices array or some of its elements is empty (has zero length), or if the length of some vertices[k] array is not equal to vertices[0].length+1.
• #### vertices

public double[][] vertices()
Returns the coordinates of all vertices of the simplex. The returned arrays is identical to an array, passed to Matrices.Region.getSimplex(double[][] vertices) method.

The returned array is a deep clone of the internal data stored in this object: no references, maintained by this object, are returned.

Returns:
the coordinates of all vertices of the simplex: the element (line) #k of the returned 2-dimensional array contains n coordinates of the vertex #k.
• #### toString

public java.lang.String toString()
Returns a brief string description of this object.

The result of this method may depend on implementation.

Overrides:
toString in class Matrices.ConvexHyperpolyhedron
Returns:
a brief string description of this object.